Every athlete experiences the negative effects of overthinking – some worse than others.

Maybe you overthink trying to decide whether to shoot, pass, or move.

Maybe you are a golfer and you have 100 swing thoughts when you stand over the ball, let alone when you have a 6 foot putt to win the round.

Regardless, most athletes experience overthinking after mistakes and when the pressure rises.

Think More to Think Less

There is one overarching reason athletes overthink. It is because you have not thought enough before the competition.

By thinking more beforehand, aka mental preparation, you will be able to quiet your mind during the competition.

Unfortunately, most athletes are not consistently and effectively training their mind. So they fall victim to the gremlins of perfectionism, fear of failure, and doubt – which manifest in the form of overthinking on the field of play.

Here is the 3 step process to stop overthinking:

STEP 1: Think More Before

When you overthink as an athlete, it means that you are having extra thoughts that are not helpful.

Where do these thoughts come from?

They come from your subconscious or conscious worries, fears, or frustrations.

The best way to deal with these distracting thoughts is to shine a light on them and make them conscious.

The time to do this is before you play, not during. Trying to figure this out during a competition won’t work out very well.

For example, it is best to go through, reflect, and understand the above concepts on how to think differently before a competition. By ingraining a concept in your mind, you will be better able to tap into it during the competition.

Plan to Cope

This form of mental preparation is also referred to as coping planning.

It means you plan to cope with the stressors of an event. It is a type of contingency plan – if x happens, then I do y.

This way you are prepared for how you want to think in the competition, instead of your subconscious fears, worries, and frustrations causing you to overthink.

This concept can be difficult for athletes because our society glorifies being busy and doesn’t value the importance of slowing down.

But the “unsung heroes” of success are in the moments of slowing down, reflecting, and being intentional about how you show up.

The diligence in preparing for success is what separates the best from the rest.

Find Your Ebb and Flow

If you think you are too good to slow down, then compare yourself to a race car. They need pit stops to refuel and avoid burning out their tires, and they need to slow down before sharp corners so they can accelerate out and avoid crashing.

The ebb and flow of life is everywhere.

Learning to create the ebb and flow for your life is a crucial skill for success.

By embracing this concept to think more before you are expanding your probabilities to be in the flow state during competition.

Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi created a model for flow that is about finding the right balance between your capabilities and the challenge.

  • Too little challenge = boredom
  • Too much challenge = worry & frustration

But you can widen the range of your flow state (see diagram below) by consistently and effectively training your mind.

STEP 2: Think Differently

We at CEP Mindset are big proponents of thinking differently.

We frame it this way because most people and most athletes are just going with the status quo ways of thinking – and it is actually holding a lot of people back.

The most common mistakes include:

  • Be positive
  • Just be confident
  • Don’t worry about it

These might be the mental outcomes you want, but they don’t help you get into that state.

Imagine if this blog post simply said the way to stop overthinking is to just stop overthinking – that would be asinine.

Instead, here are the main concepts you will need to understand to stop overthinking:

  • Embrace Imperfection
    Pursue excellence while understanding you are human and will not be perfect along the way – just like the best athletes in the world make mistakes – so will you.
  • Force it vs Let it Happen
    Stop trying to control the results and be perfect. Trust your training and let your body do what you have trained it to do – let it happen. This especially applies after mistakes.
  • Reframe Confidence
    If you attach your confidence to results and praise, then when you make a mistake you start to lose your confidence and start overthinking. Instead, focus on owning your capabilities and keep playing with confidence – full write up and video here.

  • Pressure is a Privilege
    How we perceive pressure matters. If you perceive it as a threat and make it bigger than what it is, then it will hold you back. Click here for the full video and blog on performing under pressure.
  • Manage Expectations
    If your mind is full of should, need to, and have to – you will be stuck overthinking. Learn to manage your expectations by seeing sports like playing a slot machine with variable outcomes, instead of a vending machine with predictable outcomes. Then use steps 1 and 3 to maximize your probabilities of achieving the desired results.

STEP 3: Think Less with a Reset

By implementing these first two steps, you will instantly start seeing a decrease in the frequency and severity of overthinking.

However, it is unrealistic to believe you will never experience overthinking again. So, this step is about having an in-game strategy to help you stop overthinking when it is happening.

Our go to strategy for this is the Reset Routine – Click Here for the full write up and video.

In short, the Reset Routine provides a practical and personalized strategy that helps you slow down before and during a competition so you can get in the zone.


The core concept of the reset routine is Acceptance.

Unfortunately, acceptance is often misunderstood, but the reality is acceptance is a superpower that will help you better commit to the process.

Look back to step 2 – all the concepts you need to think differently about, revolve around the core concept of acceptance.

You need to learn to think differently.

You need to learn to feel and understand your emotions.

Then you need to accept and let go of the distracting thoughts and emotions.

This is the cure to overthinking.

Creativity and Simplicity

A common sport psychology strategy to help with overthinking is thought stopping or other various versions of managing your self-talk.

The problem is these strategies are boring, overcomplicated, and often add more thoughts – making things worse.

The solution is to focus on your inner narrative and identity to transform your mental game. That’s exactly what you get when you combine the Reset Routine with an Alter Ego.

Credit to my coach and mentor, Todd Herman, for writing the book The Alter Ego Effect – which is not about putting fixed labels on you as a person.

Instead, an Alter Ego brings simplicity and creativity to sport psychology. For example, Todd helped Kobe Bryant make the Black Mamba – which is one of the most legendary and powerful mental game strategies ever created.

Find out more about how we help athletes use this strategy in the full Alter Ego blog and video – click here.


In summary, you can stop overthinking by learning how to consistently and effectively train your mind.

Stop falling victim to the gremlins of perfectionism, fear of failure, and doubt – and follow this 3 step process:

  1. Think More
  2. Think Differently
  3. Think Less with a Reset

I hope you found this helpful.

Please share this with anyone you think would benefit from this post.